Based sportssafety, sudden death in young athletes is estimated one in 100,000 to 300,000 per year. Genesis is about 12 per year in high school athletes, with a male-dominated.
A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is reduced or completely blocked, causing pain in the chest. If not promptly treated, the affected heart tissue will die. Before the attacks, most victims experience angina (chest pain) provoked by blockage of blood flow to the heart.
However, one third of all heart attacks occur without warning signs. The victims suffered from sporadic interruption of blood flow to the heart for unknown reasons, although they gradually damage the heart tissue. Even though the heart is damaged, the affected individual looks fit and strong.
The majority of sudden death due to congenital heart defects. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common cause of sudden, unexpected cardiac death between the ages of 12-32 years.
Second most common cause of sudden death are congenital abnormalities in the arteries of the heart (congenital coronary artery anomalies). These arteries supply blood to the heart. Sudden death may be the first sign of this condition and is usually triggered by exercise. About 25 percent may experience symptoms of palpitations (heart pounding) and syncope (fainting).
Personal history of athletes and family are also very important. However, for the detection of some conditions that cause sudden death in athletes is difficult. Often, family history is a risk factor alone. Factors that will put the athlete at increased risk of sudden death is a family history of premature death, a significant health problem of cardiovascular disease in close relatives, who is younger than 50 years.
While personal history includes never experienced chest pain, especially if these symptoms appear because it was triggered by sports activity undertaken the athlete, excessive shortness of breath or fatigue during exercise. Personal history of congenital heart disease hypertension, palpitations should also be considered.