Early Autism Detection by MRI

Autism is a condition of a person from birth or during infancy, which makes him unable to form social relationships or have their own world. Autism is usually very difficult to detect when a child is still very early. However, Utah State University revealed, autism in children can be traced at an early age with MRI imaging.

Magnetic resonance imaging, or commonly known as MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) was originally called NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance). The focus of patients already diagnosed with autism, researchers used MRI to find parts of the brain can not communicate well. Researchers reveal that this is called hot spots, center for motor function, attention, face recognition and social behavior – the kind of abnormal behavior in people with autism.

“We know the two hemispheres (brain) must work together for a variety of brain functions,” said a researcher who is also an assistant professor of radiology, Jeffrey S Anderson.

“We used MRI to see the strength of these connections from one side to the other in patients with autism,” he explained.

In that study, researchers used MRI imaging to look for differences in brain activity patterns in the microstructure of white matter tissue in 80 patients with autism between the ages of 10 and 35. This network is known for its role in communication between different brain regions. Communication deficit between the two hemispheres of the brain that can be found by MRI scans. However, researchers also found differences seen, communication deficits are not found in normal human brain.

The researchers also noted that brain size increased among the children diagnosed as autistic. It does not have a clear distinction between brain structure of patients with autism and patients who are not autistic.

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