Some scientists have found that the shape of the female body is inherited from parents. So any female body shape is influenced by genetic factors. The study conducted by researchers at Oxford University and the Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge.
They identified 13 sets of genes associated with a tendency to store fat around the abdomen or hips and thighs. These genes lead to differences in body shape in both sexes. However, seven of them lead to signs of other forms in women than men.
In the second study with similar data, they found 18 sets of genes associated with obesity, increasing the number of genes that are connected with a high BMI to 32. People who have many of the 32 genes has a weight of 7 to 9 kg heavier than those who have few genes.
Dr. Cecilia Lindgren from “Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics,” at Oxford University was involved in two papers in the journal “Nature Genetics.” “Understanding biology through the discovery of genes is only a first step in a long journey toward treatment, but it is important. In an effort to overcome obesity through changes in lifestyle or a different treatment options have proved really challenging. The potential to change the pattern of fat distribution can offer an alternative for drug discovery in the future, “said Dr. Lindgren.
Set of 13 genes related to apples and pears only count about one percent of waist to hip ratio among the population. BMI of 32 is known as “obesity genes” just count the 1:45 percent of the variation in BMI.
“Two of this research is the beginning of a new view on biology of obesity and body shape, which in turn could lead to a more ditergetkan approach to prevent obesity and the potential to develop new drugs,” said Dr. Ruth Loos from the MRC Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge.
“But we should not forget that, the genetic contribution to obesity big, obesity remains largely unaffected in our lifestyle.”